Two studies from the VA (one from Portland!) found what we’ve suspected for a long time: opiates just don’t work for long-term pain control. And they can lead to serious addiction problems.
In these studies, patients who received over-the-counter pain relief or massage reported reported the same or even less pain than those receiving opiates. I was happy to see the Portland study included massage for pain relief, and I would love to see acupuncture included, too.